Document Type : Original Article
Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
In recent years, industrial advances in human societies have led to the rapid growth of electrical technology and its production and transmission, and this has led to an increase in power networks and the use of high voltages. While the energy from a high voltage power tower is not visible or palpable, it also has effects on human health and even the environment, depending on the intensity of the electromagnetic fields generated and the duration of exposure and human distance from these energy sources. It has a life that is sometimes very destructive. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate the hazards caused by high voltage power towers in residential areas in order to prioritize and manage hazards to reduce or eliminate them. Therefore, at first, the power transmission process, equipment used in it and the safety, health and environmental hazards resulting from it, were identified and evaluated by the parameters of the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Also, considering that one of the most important problems in the vicinity of residential areas with high voltage power transmission lines is the effects of magnetic field beams created around it, in order to determine the intensity of the magnetic field, 3D EMF TESTER device was used. Finally, the identified risks were scored based on the parameters of the research method and RPN was calculated for each. Then, with the help of SPSS software, the level of risk was calculated and the identified items were prioritized and analyzed based on it. According to the results, the highest RPN values were related to health risks and all risks in this group were in emergency situations.
- Amini, S. (2009). Textbook of principles of production, transmission and distribution of electrical energy. Publications of the Ministry of Energy, Institute of Higher Scientific-Applied Education of Water and Electricity Industry.
- Fani, A., Moieni, A., Fani, I., Chehrei, A., Fani, P., & Heidari Bateni, M. (2006). The long-term effects of occupational electromagnetic fields exposure on peripheral blood indexes in workers of aluminum processing factory of Arak. Journal of Shahrekord university of medical sciences quarterly, 7(4), 42-49. (In Persian). http://18.104.22.168/article-1-107-fa.html
- Ebrahimzadeh, M., Halvani, G., Mortazavi, M., & Soltani, R. (2011). Assessment of potential hazards by Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) method in Shiraz Oil Refinery. Tkj, 3(2), 16-23. (In Persian). http://tkj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-41-fa.html.
- Rezaei, K., Seyedi M., & Nouri, (2005). Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Publications of Arotof Iran Co. (In Persian). https://db.ketab.ir/bookview.aspx?bookid=1227610
- Norouzi Chegini, M. A., & Jahangiri, M. (2015). Risk assessment and management. Fanavaran Publications.
- Lari, B. S. M., Jaafarzadeh, H. F. N., & Rafiei, M. (2011). FMEA application in environmental risk assessment: case study of Imam Khomeini port berths dredged. Journal of wetland ecobiology, 3(9), 3-14. (In Persian). https://www.sid.ir/en/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=260813
- Ali Mohammadi, I., & Adl, j. (2008). Comparison of safety of furnaces in two gypsum production plants by fracture analysis and its effects (FMEA). Journal of occupational health in Iran, 5(2), 77-83. (In Persian). https://www.sid.ir/fa/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=102710
- Nezhadali, H., Mortazavi, B., & Khavanin, A. (2008). LPG storage spheres risk assessment with FMEA and ETBA methods. Journal of Kermanshah university of medical sciences, 12(37),180-189. (In Persian). https://www.magiran.com/paper/588714?lang=en
- Rostampour, N., Almasi, T., Rostampour, M., Arabian, K., & Karami, A. (2012). Assessment of electromagnetic fields around high voltage power supply in Hamadan hospital wards. IJHE, 5(2), 235-244. (In Persian). http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-30-fa.html.
- Nasiri, P., Monazam, M., Zare, S., Azam, K., Yousefi, Z., & Hematjo, R. (2011). The study of the status of electromagnetic waves resulting from BTS (Base Transceiver Station), 900-megahertz frequency in Tehran. IJHE, 4(3), 331-340. (In Persian). http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-64-fa.html.
- World Health Organization. (2007). Extremely Low Frequency Fields. Available from http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?codlan=1&codcol=16&codcch=238
- Oron, P. (1986). Physics and its applications in health sciences. In Sepehri, H. & Mirza Beigi, J. & Pashaei Rad, J. & Moalemi, B. (Eds.). University Publication Center.
- Ghayeblo, S., Mojriyan, M., Geraviyan, N., & Khosravi, Sh. (2004, Dec). Risk assessment and analysis in investigating accidents in Saadatabad power area using FMEA and JHA methods. Proceedings of the 19th international electricity conference, Tehran. (In Persian). https://civilica.com/doc/20719/
- Malagoli, C., Fabbi, S., Teggi, S., Calzari, M., Poli, M., Ballotti, E., ... & Vinceti, M. (2010). Risk of hematological malignancies associated with magnetic fields exposure from power lines: a case-control study in two municipalities of northern Italy. Environmental health, 9(16). https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-9-16