Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article

Author

School of computer and information, Lanzhou University of Technology, China.

10.22105/bdcv.2022.332453.1060

Abstract

Wireless sensor network technologies normally deploy a large number of small, low cost sensors, fairly densely that can observe and influence the physical world around them by gathering physical information, transform it into electrical signals, send it to a remote location to do some analysis and deploy the results in different applications. This means there is no need to build towers or set up complicated communication links such as; microwave and satellite. It can be deployed anywhere, even in inaccessible places. This technology can provide a real time monitoring for forest fire, where it can provide information at the ignition instance or at very small delay, depends on the node used wake up/sleep schedule. It’s more reliable because it can influence the world in the surrounded area, if it is used in appropriate methods, rather than expecting events over large distances and long delay like other satellite and camera towers techniques. In this work, all nodes only use temperature sensors and they are programmed on a certain threshold temperature, above it the node will send an alarm message to the sink. This concept relies solely on the node behavior to alert of crises possibility using simple node components to provide detection and information on whether this is a peaceful fire, or the beginning of wild fire. The key in this method is to make decisions by tracking the fire propagation and check the logic behind it.

Keywords

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