Quarterly Publication
A sparrow search algorithm based hybrid meta-heuristic algorithm for population growth rate prediction

Milad Shahvaroughi Farahani; Hamed Farrokhi-Asl Farrokhi-Asl; Ghazal Ghasemi

Volume 3, Issue 4 , December 2023, , Pages 160-185


  In any economy, it is essential to monitor the rate of population change closely. Governments employ various strategies and programs to regulate population growth since different population growth rates have distinct economic consequences. This paper reveals a global trend of reduced desire to have children, ...  Read More