Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


An indispensable aspect of human life is energy. The escalating global population and the subsequent rise in the human need for energy, coupled with the constraints of fossil fuels, have compelled researchers to explore innovative techniques for energy production and the adoption of renewable energy sources. The construction of renewable power plants emerges as a paramount solution for achieving clean energy, a strategy successfully implemented in various countries globally, including India, China, the USA, Central Asian nations, and Africa. Strategically located and blessed with significant solar potential, Iran is a promising candidate for establishing solar power plants. Despite its high potential for constructing solar power plants, Iran faces limitations that require careful consideration. Investing in renewable power plant projects in Iran necessitates addressing various risks and uncertainties. This paper introduces an innovative approach to assessing the risks associated with solar power plants, utilizing an integrated method that combines Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). In the initial phase, DEA cross-efficiency measures risk factors derived from Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA). This approach not only overcomes certain drawbacks of FMEA but also eliminates several limitations of DEA, enhancing the discrimination capability for decision units. Subsequently, a SVM is developed to monitor the process, concluding with tailored risk treatment and monitoring processes specifically designed for the unique context of Iran's solar energy landscape.


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